Two horses are catching a horse in a herd

The horse is bridled and hobbled





Almost a century and a half ago Ivan Egorovich Zabelin, a Moscow historian and archaeologist, the founder of the Historical Museum on the Red Square, excavated a Scythian burial on the territory of General Zeifart's estate, which lies on the right bank of the Dnepr, 30-35 km to the north-west from Nikopol. At first the burial was called Tolstaya Chertomlykskaya Mogila, then a shortened name -Chertomlyk - entered into practice and the name "Tolstaya Mogila" was given to another burial, excavated much later. In 1983 - 1986 a joint Soviet-German expedition held further excavation of Chertomlyk. Many products of toreutics, golden and silver among them, were found in Chertomlyk as in many other Scythian burials of Prichernomorje. Some finds, belonging according to the contract to the General's heiress, were lost, the other sent by I.E.Zabelin to the Imperial Hermitage are in the famous Scythian collection now.

Here one of the most famous and brilliant finds from the Chertomlyk burial - a silver amphora - is shown. Specialists think that together with a scoop and a silver basin it made a cult set of plates and dishes. The amphora is undoubtedly Greek, dated to the middle of the IVth c. BC. The main friezeconsists of depictions, placed in a circle and made in the technique of high relief, is most convincingly interpret as a scene of a horse sacrifice by Scythians, described by Herodotus. So, suppose the work is Greek, then the amphora is made by the Scythian "order".

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