From the very beginning of the XVII th century the cave was
of great interest for tourists who left numerous traces on
its walls. People, visited the cave, did not imagine that
the paintings of the "Salon Noire"
were so old. Only in 1906 thanks to captain Molar and his
sons who made a plan of the cave and discovered the paintings
of the "Salon Noire". Niaux attracted the specialists' attention.
In 1907 it was investigated by H.
Breuill and E.Cartailhac.
But discovery of the "Salon Noire" paintings was only the
beginning. In 1925 J. Mandeman found a gallery with some black
paintings and called it Cartailhac Gallery. Later it was established
that the paintings had been emerging on the cave walls during
a long period between 11500 and 10500 years BC.