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Mesolithic

GOBUSTAN (KOBYSTAN)

 

Azerbaidzhan. Situated to the south from Baku between the south- eastern slope of the Great Caucasian Range and the Caspian Sea, there lies a small plain Gobustan (a country of ravines) with tablelands of Beyuk-dash, Kichik-dash, Djinghir-dash and Yazyly-Tepe consisted of limestone and other sedimentary rocks. There are numerous petroglyphs date to different periods on the rocks of these mountains. Professor Iskhak Jafarzade the majority of them in 1939. The results of his long investigations are published in an album-monograph in 1973. J.N. Rustamov and F.M.Muradova continue these studies.The most interesting and known are the large (more than 1 m) depictions of male and female figures, made with deep, carved lines. A.D.Stolyarov and A.A.Formozov think, they are dated to the Mesolithic period. The dating is proved by the fact that some depictions are overlapped with cultural deposits, Late-Mesolithic ones among them. There are many depictions of animals: bulls, deer , predators and even reptiles and insects.

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