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Mesolithic

BHIMBETKA

 

In the northern part of Central India huge outcrops of ledge sedimentary rocks, in particular of Devon greyish-brown sandstone, are extending along the river valleys. The rocks are strongly eroded, there are many caves, grottoes and roofs in them. Numerous rock paintings have been preserved in these natural shelters. Paintings on the walls of about 500 caves are considered to be preserved in the environs of Bhopal, the capital of Madhya Pradesh state. Site Bhimbetka, discovered by Professor W.Wakankar from the Vikram University in 1953 is of particular interest. W. Wakankar thinks that the name "Bhimbetka" come from Bhima - an epic Mahabharata hero. Indian archaeologists date some of these paintings to the very early periods, including the Upper Palaeolithic. But the statement has no reliable grounds. According to the artistic depiction shown here, it can be dated rather to the Mesolithic. One should, however, bear in mind uneven development of cultures in different regions. The Mesolithic in India may be 2-3 millenia older then in Eastern Europe and Middle Asia.

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